Xiamen Better Silicone Rubber Co., Ltd

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We make liquid injection molding and manufacture different kinds of liquid silicone rubber molded parts for medical device, sanitary & bathroom products, electrical products, cosmetics, automotive and machines parts etc. Our team also can offer LSR products parts moldabilities & over-molded manufacturabilities analysis or design support etc.

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E-mail : admin@better-silicone.com
Add: No. 165th, Tong'an Park, Industry Zone, Tona'An District, Xiamen City, China
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Plastic Rubber Overmolding

Plastic Rubber Overmolding, also known as Silicone Plastic Overmolding, Plastic Insert Overmolding, Plastic to Rubber Overmolding. Plastic Rubber Overmolding is an injection molding/ compression molding/ Transfer Injection Molding process that molds silicone rubber over, under, or through a substrate material to finish the final part
Quantity:
  • Silicone Overmolding

Plastic Rubber Overmolding

Plastic Rubber Overmolding, also known as Silicone Plastic Overmolding, Plastic Insert Overmolding, Plastic to Rubber Overmolding. Plastic Rubber Overmolding is an injection molding/ compression molding/ Transfer Injection Molding process that molds silicone rubber over, under, or through a substrate material to finish the final part. Over-molding onto plastic inserts can solve many design problems. The flexibility, toughness, solvent and chemical resistance of rubber is combined with rigidity, light weight, and cost savings of plastic. Plastic materials commonly used in the bonding process include nylon, polycarbonate, modified PPO, polysulfone, and polyphyenylene sulfide.

Rubber Overmolding

Plastic Rubber Overmolding Ways & Application

Silicone Rubber Bracelet Overmolding with PC Barb by Compression Mold

Generally, silicone rubber is high temperature cured material with temperature at about 170~220℃, so if overmolding with plastic part, it needs to be high temperature resistant, like PEEK, PPS, etc.

 It should be noted that many plastic substrates have low softening and melting temperatures. Two common reference points for thermoplastics include Vicat softening temperature or alternatively Heat Deflection Temperature which may be an indicator that the material will not be rigid enough to overmold silicone using standard processes, like PC or PA material, they will melting or distort easily.

But if the material must be PC or PA, we can add GF (Glass Fiber) into it to increase the strength, meanwhile choose low temperature vulcanization silicone for the compression molding process, in this way, we can finish the part by lower down the curing temperature, but at the same time, the cycle time will be longer and the production efficiency will be decreased.

Silicone Overmolding Process

Notes:

  • Generally, we can only add 8%-10% GF into plastic, if adding too much GF, there will be floating fiber on the surface.

  • For the low temperature vulcanization silicone, we need to add platinum vulcanizing agent into it, to speed up the forming time.

  • Before Overmolding, the plastic part need to be coated with glue, glue primer is another keypoint in rubber to plastic overmolding process. During overmolding, glue adhered silicone and plasic together and meanwhile silicone will cover or encapsulate the plastic inserts.

Plastic to Rubber Overmolding


Silicone Baby Toothbrush Overmolding with PA Rod by LSR Injection Mold

One of the main reasons that an overmolding design is used is that it improves the overall aesthetic design and functionality of a product. Numerous color options can be created through plastic overmolding. Substrate molding also allows crucial details to be added to products for a specific consumer use. For example, a baby silicone toothbrush can be fitted with a colorful and comfortable handle through the overmolding design process. Other reasons to use plastic overmolding, include:

  • Provides a soft grip surface around a part of the separate material.

  • Break up color (aesthetic impacts).

  • Adds flexible areas to a rigid part.

  • Eliminates assembly line time. Instead of manufacturing a metal tool and a plastic hand grip separately and then joining the two together manually or with automation, you can just overmold the metal tool with a plastic hand grip and eliminate the need for assembly altogether.

  • Captures one part inside of another without having to use fasteners or adhesives.

  • LSR Injection Molding can provide a rather low curing temperature than silicone rubber compression molding (110~160℃), so Liquid Silicone Injection Overmolding is a good choice for rubber to plastic bonding.

LSR Plastic Insert Molding

Overmolding Silicone Full Face Mask

Silicone Plastic Overmolding Mask

Silicone Plastic Overmolding Nasal Pillows 

Overmolding Nasal Pillow Cushion

Plastic Rubber Overmolding Main Material Specification

Silicone Plastic Overmolding Material


Plastic Rubber Overmolding Main Problem

Poor Silicone Filling and Much Bubble at runner income area, appears that improper glue was applied to PBT part, or it was treated by some chemicals to increase adhesion. 

Solution a: Change Proper plastic treatment – Chemical reaction of glue (or whatever you used) leads to bubbles, extra friction between injected LSR and part may produce much higher inner pressure which causes extra deformation and elongation of overmoulded part.

Solution b: Adjusting the heating device so that the heating is uniform. Mold uneven heating temperature also lead to bubble.

Solution c: Adjusting the injection parameters.

LSR Overmolding Membrane

Overmolded plastic part deformation and elongation are inevitable (necessarily will happen) due to mold high temperature and inner pressure. Normal elongation is up to 0.15-0. 35 mm.

Solution a: Precisely tune the amount of injected LSR. Too much extra amount also produces higher inner pressure, which deforms plastic part.

Solution b: Modify the mechanical positioning design to refuse rigid support of overmolded parts.

Solution c: Adding Glass Fiber into the PBT part to increase the strength.

Silicon Overmoulding

Extra Material Leaking from the Edge

Solution a: Making an overflow groove on the edge ofthe parting surface

Solution b: Reduce the amount of LSR material, make good sealing surface, increase the mold temperature and decrease the mold injection pressure.

Liquid Silicon Overmolding


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